SPLAT Models for Africa
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IRENA’s SPLAT capacity expansion models are uniquely calibrated to represent national power supply structures and regional interconnections, and they allow national energy planners to assess a wide range of least-cost energy transition scenarios. These models have been systematically calibrated to reflect realistic local power market conditions, benefiting especially from the outcomes of several of IRENA’s capacity building activities conducted with national energy planning practitioners. These models have been used to carry out regional analyses covering different Africa regional power pools. Results from these model-based analyses have contributed to IRENA’s Planning and Prospects for Renewable Power report series.
- North Africa (2023)
- Southern and Eastern Africa (2021)
- West Africa updates (2018) (Français)
- West Africa (2013)
- Southern Africa (2013)
- Africa five power pools synthesis report (2015)
The analysis results presented in these reports are developed by adopting a common set of assumptions on demand forecasts and non-renewable technology features, when available, with African regional power pool master plans. These results can be accessed through an interactive dashboard at the link below which allows the users to download the key results for scenarios discussed in the respective reports for a user-defined list of countries. The results available include generation capacity, production, CO2 emission, and cross-border trade across the modelling time horizon.
Please note that SPLAT models are regularly updated to maintain consistency with evolving power sector conditions in Africa and to reflect state of the art modelling improvements. For further data queries, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
The users of the MESSAGE modelling software may also request the model files by filling this request form.
Note: Different methodologies, assumptions and scenario definitions have been employed for different SPLAT models. The user should refer to the definitions in the related reports to ensure correct usage of the data featured in SPLAT dashboard. To the extent possible, SPLAT models include IRENA’s insights into renewable resource availability, technology costs and performance characteristics. The retirement schedule of current generation capacity fleets, as well as committed project pipelines at the time of the analyses, are also taken into consideration. The power systems modelled are optimised over the modelling horizon according to cost minimisation principles, subject to physical energy flow and operation constraints. Optimisation is performed at the regional level, i.e. for a power pool with its member countries treated as a homogeneous entity. The optimisation results may or may not be substantially different from the optimal power mix for a single country when trade is not considered.
Planning and prospects for renewable power: West Africa
Low-cost renewable energy, especially from solar photovoltaic (PV) installations, has become an increasingly important part of West Africa’s electricity supply. This report outlines three broad scenarios for the growth of renewables in the region’s power systems, particularly in relation to key national and regional targets.